Week 5 674

Essential Question: How do instructional design stages help us understand online teaching?

“Instructional Design focuses on what the instruction should be like, including look, feel, organization and functionality” (Gordon, 2016). Instructional design is like the back bone of the whole process. Understanding instructional design phases helps us to understand the mechanics of online teaching, which has to be set up in learning stages for the process to work effectively.

As Gordon (2016) writes, “Creating effective training . . . calls for the application of Instructional Design skills along with processes that produce authentic, well-organized, and engaging materials.” For online teaching to succeed, the course must be put together by someone with Instructional Design skills.

ADDIE is one popular model for Instructional Design. It is used in business and education because it spells out how to design both professional training materials and online curriculum. The acronym’s letters stand for the following:


In this phase, the designer figures out The Who, What, Where, When, Why and By Whom of the process


Next a blueprint is laid out for the structure of the course


This is the creation phase where the blueprint is applied in design


Deliver the instruction


Assess how well the design worked. This should be done at the end and after each ADDIE phase.  (Gordon, 2016).

Online courses take months to prepare and set up. For that reason alone, teams have to be organized to make the process go as smooth as possible. A team that follows the ADDIE model and the steps below should be able to create an effective online training. Gordon (2016) lays out the following steps to take before, during, and after building a website or online training:

1  Plan

2  Analyze

3  Design

4  Check accessibility

5  Test and Refine

Morrison (2013) asserts that “A highly functioning team can produce quality, rigorous courses that are effective for supporting learners in reaching learning objectives.”

According to Puzziferro & Shelton (2014), “Creating the team culture, defining the learning vision and framework, identifying the resources, and crafting the production workflow for effective teamwork are all critical planning elements for administrative leadership.” It takes more than one person to create an online class. It takes a team and they need to follow a process to make the class successful.

Puzziferro & Shelton (2014) adapted “Seven Principles of Good Practice” for a designer to apply when creating an instructional tool for online delivery:

1.Good Practice Encourages Contact Between Students and Faculty

2.Good Practice Develops Reciprocity and Cooperation Among Students

3.Good Practice Uses Active Learning Techniques

4.Good Practice Gives Prompt Feedback

5.Good Practice Emphasizes Time on Task

6.Good Practice Communicates High Expectations

7.Good Practice Respects Diverse Talents and Ways of Learning

These are all excellent steps to follow when designing any class, but are especially important when designing an online course. If one adheres to the ideas listed above and works collaboratively with others, I am sure the end product will be excellent.

There are a lot of good ideas out there to guide instructional designers. All point to the need for a good team that can work through an intentional design process that factors in the diverse needs of the learners on the other end.


Gordon, A. (2016). Instructional Design Roles and Responsibilities. Retrieved October 02, 2016, from http://instructionaldesign.gordoncomputer.com/IDRoles.html

Morrison, D. (2013). Online Learning Insights. Retrieved October 02, 2016, from https://onlinelearninginsights.wordpress.com/tag/team-based-instructional-design/

Puzziferro, M., & Shelton, K. (2014). A model for developing high-quality online courses: Integrating a systems approach with learning theory.


4 thoughts on “Week 5 674

  1. Theresa, I appreciate the Seven Principles of Good Practice, because it does not just apply to online teaching, or even to teaching in general. It works for all aspects of successful living and maintenance of a quality life. Thanks for sharing.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Hi Theresa,
    I also enjoyed Debbie Morrison’s website about online learning. I found many articles that align with our class topics. I love your requote: “A highly functioning team can produce quality, rigorous courses that are effective for supporting learners in reaching learning objectives.” I think that the right team members with the same mindset can create highly effective lesson plans. They will be able to communicate what they think works and how to incorporate the different ideas into one plan.

    Great post.


    Liked by 1 person

  3. Theresa,
    I like the Seven Principles of Good Practice since they lay out many essential aspects to think about when designing an online course. I agree with your statement that effective online classes take months of time to plan and how organization is key to being successful with a team. In our class last night, I thought it was interesting to hear about Lee’s experiences with designing online courses, and how she said that it’s always easier to create them alone, but that they aren’t as effective with just one person’s input. The ADDIE model makes sense to me, and breaking down a class or project into those stages helps me to not feel overwhelmed by tackling the whole project at one time. Thanks for sharing your ideas.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Hi Theresa,
    You mentioned, ” For online teaching to succeed, the course must be put together by someone with Instructional Design skills.” Even thought we’re discussing online courses, this is true also for face to face instruction. Teachers that are not effective in the classroom are likely lacking in one or more of these steps.

    I like the good practice points you bring up. Those are excellent points. I also agree completely with your concluding statement that the team needs to work together in this process with the diverse learners in mind. Ultimately, “it’s for the kids.” I hear that statement a lot in our district. In this case, it’s for the learners.

    Liked by 1 person

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