Question: What primary concerns exist in ethics, validity and reliability in AR? How are you managing these concerns (or how will you) within your study?
I think there are some concerns when conducting research that deal with this question. I will point out how you can manage these concerns. According to dictionary.com, ethics is a set of principles of right conduct. It is the moral choices that a person makes. Validity has to do with how solid your work is, like are the research questions, study sample, methods, and findings properly prepared so that the results you get in your study will be valid. Reliability is accuracy or honesty. There are some things you can do as a researcher to manage these concerns within your study.
According to the 2003 article titled “Research Ethics: Background and Definition,” “Research ethics provides guidelines for the responsible conduct of biomedical research. . . . When even one part of a research project is questionable or conducted unethically, the integrity of the entire project is called into question.” This is why it is so important that you are honest and ethical when conducting your research. It is best to keep your opinions to yourself and keep a neutral stand on what you are researching. “The best a researcher can do is to be conscious of the ethical issues that pervade the research process and to examine his or her own philosophical orientation vis-a-vis these issues” (Merriam & Tisdell, 2009).
Merriam & Tisdell (2009) also quote Patton (2015): “The trustworthiness of the data is tied directly to the trustworthiness of who is collecting and analyzing the data and their demonstrated competence.” You want to show that your data is valid and trustworthy; otherwise, why would anyone want to read it?
Merriam & Tisdell (2009) add that “Validity and reliability can be approached through the attention to the way the data is collected, analyzed and interpreted.” Probably the best known strategy for ensuring internal validity of a study is triangulation. This is when you use multiple sources of data to confirm findings. Triangulation “is a powerful strategy for increasing the credibility or internal validity of your research.” I think this is the best and easiest way to
validate your research. By using a variety of resources you can validate your
findings and confirm that what and how you are researching is true to your knowledge.
Merriam & Tisdell (2009) state that “Reliability refers to the extent that the research findings can be replicated.” This is when someone tries your research and gets about the same results. Sure, some of the results may be a little different depending on the person and the students they are doing the research with but, overall, they should have almost similar results.
Merriam and Tisdell (2009) suggest strategies researchers can use to ensure consistency and dependability, including triangulation, peer examination, investigators’ position, and the audit trail.
I think an audit trail would be another great one to use. This is when you keep track of all of your research activities—sort of your journey through your research. I think you should keep track of what you did each time and who was the group you were working with, the time, day, and other things such as that. It is good to keep track of everything you did with that group on that day. You can then compare days to see if results vary.
If you follow what Merriam and Tisdell suggest, I think you will manage your concerns within your study and come out with a reliable, valid and trustworthy research that others will be able to use and study if they wish too.
Ethics. (2015) American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Retrieved November 3 2015 from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ethics
Merriam, S., & Tisdell, E. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Research Ethics: Background and Definition. (2003). Retrieved November 4, 2015, from http://www.ahc.umn.edu/img/assets/26104/Research_Ethics.pdf
Validity. (2015). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved November 03, 2015, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/validity